Title Earth Monitoring Workshop
Objective To explore the use of earth observations in the Asia Pacific region to achieve societal benefits.
Target Audience NR Area and local participants active in Earth Observations.
Expected No. of Participants 30
Session Chair & Speakers
11:00-12:30 Session 1: Review of Recent Disasters in the Philippines Chair Elvidge (NOAA)

1. Title: Welcome and Introduction
Speaker: Elvidge, NOAA

2. Title: Typoons
Speaker: (PAGASA)

3. Title: Mayon Volcano
Speaker: Philvolcs

14:00-15:30 Session 2: Role of Remote Sensing in Natural Resource Studies (A)
Chair Elvidge (NOAA)

1. Title: Geoinformatics mapping for Higher Education Institutions and Programs in the Philippines
Speaker: Carlos Pascual, Mariano Marcos State University

Abstract. Geoinformatics mapping is an innovative tool for environmental scanning and project planning which uses GIS, GPS, remote sensing, and the internet. The outputs of the project are needed not only for the design and implementation of rationalization measures but also for the conceptualization of financial/resource management reforms in higher education, including the introduction of normative financing in the Philippines. Thus, a commissioned study was conducted to develop a geoinformatics-based decision support system (DSS) to establish geo-referenced data and information of higher education institutions (HEIs) and programs in the Philippines that incorporates and builds upon current understanding of ubiquitous and internet mapping for other subsequent spatial analysis; and operationalize such DSS for policy research and development on HEIs. The DSS called map analysis program (MAP) was developed to build wealth of geo-referenced data and information of the Philippine’s HEIs and programs for policy research development. Geo-referenced database and thematic maps using major outputs of MAP showed various indicators on access and relevance, quality and efficiency thrusts that are useful for higher education research, planning and policy options for rationalization and resource management of HEI required under the medium-term higher education development and investment plan by the Philippine Commission on Higher Education. The use of GIS and GPS-based survey databases among HEIs are emerging dynamic mapping tools to share statistical data, information and knowledge among stakeholders on geographic areas and related policy issues which could be easily uploaded in the internet or intranet. A graphic user interface visual programming linked with ArcView GIS, mobile mapping systems, as well as thin and fat client internet mapping architecture will be discussed. A case study is presented to demonstrate the use of MAP for policy options among HEIs in the Philippines. Other similar applications conducted such as risk mapping of groundwater nitrate-nitrogen contamination from 1992-2002, parcellary mapping of rice paddy cultivar test sites in 2002-2003, and inventory of renewable energy systems in 2004-present. Such methodological framework on ubiquitous and internet mapping of MAP can be replicated elsewhere to promote exchange of knowledge and information in the third wave generation of cartographic modeling. Efforts to create a cadre of geoinformatics professionals, conduct of advance research studies, symposia and partnerships with local and international levels in the Philippines will also be presented.

2. Title: Pilot Application of Forest Canopy Density Mapper (FCDM) in the Philippines
Speaker: Merlinda R. Manila, Department of Environment and Natural Resources

: The pilot application of Forest Canopy Density Mapper (FCDM) in the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Region IV CALABARZON, Philippines evolved from the need to streamline and systematize the gathering and management of important forest sector data. The use of FCDM, an image analysis semi-expert remote sensing software developed by previous ITTO project respond to the opportunity in the improvement of information gathering methods by utilizing satellite imagery analysis. It supports logical decision–making , formulation and well-planned interventions in forest conservation, development and management. The application of FCDM provides mechanism that support efficient management of forest resources enabling decision makers to access information on the actual status of forest conditions in real time. The use of satellite imagery data coupled with digital mapping are viable alternatives to the outmoded systems currently in use. Results of FCDM technology enable planners to better predict future trends, and design more effective programs for watershed rehabilitation, illegal logging monitoring, biodiversity conservation and forest management at minimum costs. The ability to monitor change in forest conditions over time enhances the capability to identify site specific targets that require implementation of environmental conservation initiatives. Likewise, conservation and reforestation activities can be planned with increased precision and focus. Further, recognition and better understanding of the forest conditions help attune the development strategies of land use programs in ways that benefit affected rural and upland communities. The RS-GIS facility is a basic requirement to generate FCDM results through a core of trained Foresters at the regional and field offices. Initial findings showed that FCDM results is highly correlated with ground data gathered in the testing plots at Quezon Protected Area Landscape (QPL).

3. Title: Application of MODIS satellite landscape phenology with AsiaFlux tower measures for environmental stress detection
Speaker: Alfredo Huete, University of Arizona

Abstract: Phenology represents the seasonal cycle of the land surface and is an essential and critical component of environmental science influencing biodiversity, species interactions, their ecological function, and their effects on fluxes in water, energy, and biogeochemical elements at various scales. Despite their enormous importance, the impact of environmental and human factors on Monsoon Asia ecosystem functioning and phenology are not well understood. Changes in phenology further depict a canopies’ integrated response to environmental change and provide valuable information for land degradation studies, integrated pest and invasive species management, drought monitoring, wildfire risk assessment, and agricultural production. Monsoon Asia ecosystems, and in particular, tropical forests have unique and intense land use pressures and deforestation rates are the highest on the planet. We investigate and discuss both scientific and practical applications of satellite phenology data; their coupling with measurements from in-situ networks to better characterize land surface health and condition; and their use as predictors for ecosystem processes and variables of importance at local to regional scales. We analyzed spatial and temporal variability in vegetation phenology in Monsoon Asia, including disturbance regimes, with 6 years of high temporal frequency (daily) MODIS, moderate resolution satellite data. Satellite greenness measures were derived both regionally at 1km resolution, and at local scales (250m) over field and AsiaFlux tower sites. We found the phenology of Monsoon Asia ecosystems to respond to sunlight, moisture, and human controls to varying degrees. Satellite greenness data was well correlated with seasonal and interannual tower photosynthesis measurements at the tower sites. The phenology of protected forests showed prolonged avoidance of dry season water stress through root access to deep soil waters and hydraulic redistribution. However, a reversal in the seasonal patterns of ecosystem fluxes and satellite phenology was found in disturbed forests and with forest conversion. The study of landscape phenology patterns was found to have important uses in the early detection of environmental issues with important consequences to forest sustainability, fire susceptibility, carbon emissions, and resilience to land-use pressures.

16:00-17:30 Session 3: Japan's Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS)
Chair Isao Nakanishi (JAXA).

1. Title: ALOS (Daichi) Status Update
Speaker: Isao Nakanishi, JAXA

Abstract: JAXA started the routine observation operation of the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS, Daichi) on October 24, 2006 after 4-month initial check-out phase, and 5-month initial calibration and validation phase, following its successful launch on January 24, 2006. JAXA also started general distribution of ALOS standard processed data through the Primary Distributor, RESTEC on the same day, after the parameter tuning of the data processing system on ground based on the results of the initial calibration and validation phase. The results of the initial calibration and validation phase, and the results of some emergency observations will be reported. Additionally some beautiful images observed by three instruments aboard ALOS will be introduced.

2. Title: Plan for EO data transfer Experiment
Speaker: Mitsuhiko Fuda, JAXA

Abstract: JAXA started providing Earth observation data (called "ALOS data") observed by ALOS (launched on Oct. 24, 2006) to the public on Oct. 24, 2006. The satellite now generates a large amount of mission data such as one Tera Bytes per day. A majority of mission data is transmitted through JAXA’s Data Relay Test Satellite (DRTS), and is distributed to Thailand, Europe, and USA using DTF-2 tape. We are now investigating to transfer the processed data by JAXA/EOC to them through high data rate ground networks. Additionally we have a plan to receive another satellite data from Europe ground station to JAXA/EOC through high data rate ground networks. Our requirement for the data rate of the networks will be approximately 25 - 200 Mbps on the average. So, we are planning to perform actual ALOS data transfer experiment between Japan and Thailand, Italy, Norway and USA by using APAN network in February 2007. We will report the plan of the experiment.
Remarks(including Special arrangements if Any) TBA

Last Updated 28 Jan 2007